Prehabilitation(Strength training prior to surgeries)- Who should undergo this training?

  • May 23, 2016
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Prehabilitation is a form of strength training done prior to the anticipated surgeries, most effective in orthopedic ailments, the aim of prehab is to make the patient fitter prior to the surgery for the speedy recovery. A well designed Prehabilitation program leads to a meaningful changes in post operative functional exercise capacity. According to the National Institutes of Health, “By improving an individual’s functional capacity through increased physical activity before an anticipated orthopedic procedure, it seems reasonable to assume that the individual will maintain a higher level of functional ability and rebound more rapidly in the rehabilitation process

According to arthritis today pre-surgery exercises for knee surgery, can speedup recovery time and reduce the need for inpatient rehabilitation after surgery by up to 73 percent, In a study of 60 patients undergoing spinal surgery, the group given an integrated prehabilitation program and early rehabilitation improved the outcome and shortened their hospital stay – without more complications, pain or dissatisfaction. Shahril R. Shaarani etal conducted a study on effect of Prehabilitation on outcome of acl reconstruction and concluded that a 6 weeks of prehab program resulted in improved knee function

Patient education is a big part of prehabilitation,they are instructed in what to expect and do before and immediately after surgery to maximize healing, range of motion, strength, and overall recovery. patients to be educated on their impairments so that they can work prior to the surgery to minimize the time span of recovery


  • Strength training
  • Gait training
  • Balance training
  • Improved cardiovascular endurance

Exercises are customized based on a comprehensive assessment of the patients condition and impairments


Prehab is done mostly in anticipated orthopedic conditions like

  • Total knee replacement
  • Total hip replacement
  • Ligament and meniscal injuries
  • Rotator cuff injuries
  • Spine surgeries

People with other ailments like cancer can also be included in Prehabilitation program for the better outcomes

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