Vertigo is a feeling that you are dizzily turning around or that your surroundings are dizzily turning about you. Vertigo is medically distinct from dizziness, lightheadedness, and unsteadiness in that vertigo involves the sensation of movement.
This feeling may be severe that you find it difficult to keep your balance and do everyday tasks. Attacks of vertigo can develop suddenly and last for a few seconds, or they may last much longer.
CAUSES OF VERTIGO :
Vertigo is often caused by an inner ear problem. Some of the most common causes include:
BPPV : These initials stand for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. BPPV occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) clump up in canals of the inner ear. It helps you keep your balance. BPPV can occur for no known reason and may be associated with age.
Meniere’s disease : This is an inner ear disorder thought to be caused by a buildup of fluid and changing pressure in the ear. It can cause episodes of vertigo along with ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and hearing loss.
Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis : This is an inner ear problem usually related to infection (usually viral). The infection causes inflammation in the inner ear around nerves that are important for helping the body sense balance.
Vertigo can also be caused by or related to:
- migraine headaches
- head injuries or trauma
- taking certain medication
- ear surgery
- prolonged bed rest
- side effects of medication or drug toxicity
- transient ischemic attack
- cerebellar or brainstem disease, such as a tumor or stroke
- acoustic neuroma, a benign growth on the vestibular nerve that traverses between the inner ear to the brain
- multiple sclerosis
There are different types of vertigo, depending on the cause.
Peripheral vertigo usually occurs when there is a disturbance in the balance organs of the inner ear.
Central vertigo occurs as the result of a disturbance in one or more parts of the brain, known as sensory nerve pathways.
SYMPTOMS OF VERTIGO
Vertigo is often triggered by a change in the position of your head.
People with vertigo typically describe it as feeling like they are:
- Pulled to one direction
Other symptoms that may accompany vertigo
- Feeling nauseated
- Abnormal or jerking eye movements (nystagmus)
- Ringing in the ears or hearing loss
There are a variety of treatments for vertigo including self-care remedies, medications, and physical therapy maneuvers.
Self care remedies include home remedies and preventive measures to be taken.
Physical therapy include” Vestibular Rehabilitation Program”.