Lymphedema

Lymphedema (or) Lymphoedema

Lymphedema is the collection of extra fluid in the soft tissues, resulting in swelling. It may occur unilaterally or bilaterally (in both arms and legs). It is a progressive condition.

 

 

CAUSES:

 

Removal of lymph nodes due to tumor

(cancer) surgery.

Blockage in the lymphatic system, which

prevents drainage of lymph fluidresulting in

swelling due to buildup of fluid.

Trauma, burns, radiation therapy,

infection.

Filariasis.

 

 

SYMPTOMS:

 

Distal swelling in extremities ( unilateral or

bilateral )

Skin changes

Heaviness in the limb

Restricted mobility in the joints

Pain in the joints

Fibrosis( hardening and thickening ) of

skin

 

 

TYPES:

 

Primary lymphedema – Also known as

congenital lymphedema. It is rare.

Secondary lymphedema – occurs as a

result of other conditions that affect the lymphatic system.

 

 

STAGES:

 

Depending on the severity, it is divided into the following stages:

Stage 0 – latent phase

Stage 1 – Mild phase

Stage 2 – Moderate phase 

Stage 3 – Severe phase

 

 

DIAGNOSIS:

 

 Imaging techniques used to have looked at the

lymphatic system –

Lymphoscintigraphy scan – In this scan, a

dye is injected into the lymphatic system

MRI

CT Scan

Ultrasonography scan

 

 

PHYSIOTHERAPY MANAGEMENT:

 

                Following a healthy lifestyle (balanced diet + exercises) can help to reduce fluid collection by stimulating the flow of lymph.

 

                Physiotherapy helps in reducing the symptoms. In our rehabilitation center we design personalized protocol for clients depending on the severity:

 

Exercises – helps to enhance lymphatic

return 

Low-level laser therapy

Manual lymphatic drainage techniques

Kinesio-taping 

Compression bandage 

Stockings 

Positioning – helps the lymph to drain

Elevation of the affected limb 


Check out these links for relevant information: Women’s healthAnte-natal post-natal

 

 

     For more details contact us on

📞96189096780

 

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